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One of the most visually striking types of art yet developed, Deconstructivism is a weird-looking but intensely creative style of 20th-century architecture that first emerged during the late 1980s, principally in Los Angeles California, but also in Europe. A strand of postmodernist avant-garde art, made possible by the use of design software developed from the aerospace industry, deconstructivist architecture is opposed to the ordered rationality of geometry, preferring a non-rectilinear approach to design which typically distorts the exterior of a structure, subverting modernist values in the process. Some intellectuals believe that deconstructivist philosophy is opposed to postmodernist art as well, although what practical consequences this has is rather unclear.
After all, a deconstructivist architect has to obey modernist and postmodernist laws of science whether he/she likes it or not. The most famous exponent of Deconstructivist building design is the Canadian-American Pritzker Prize-winning Frank O. Gehry (b.1929), one of the leading American Architects of the postmodern era. Other deconstructivists include Daniel Libeskind (b.1946), Rem Koolhaas, Bernard Tschumi, and Peter Eisenman. Extraordinary deconstructivist buildings include Nationale Nederlanden Building (Prague), Guggenheim Museum (Bilbao) and The Experience Music Project (Seattle), designed by Frank Gehry; Hotel Porta Fira (Barcelona), designed by Toyo Ito; Seattle Central Library designed by Rem Koolhaas.
Deconstructivism came to public attention as a result of the design entries to the 1982 Parc de la Villette architectural competition, submitted by Jacques Derrida, Peter Eisenman and Bernard Tschumi (who won). Later, in 1988, the Museum of Modern Art staged its seminal New York show entitled "Deconstructivist Architecture", curated by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley.
The exhibition featured designs by Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, and Rem Koolhaas. The following year saw the opening of the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, the first major public building to be designed in the deconstructivist style by Peter Eisenman.
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